In the CNC industry, a vertical CNC machine is a device that operates on a vertical perspective using traditional CNC tools. Almost all the operations that include drilling or milling are handled with a computer-operated machine. The equipment itself is akin to a robot even if it doesn’t look much like it. The machine is usually efficient at completing a task such as drilling, profile contouring, planning, keyway cutting, and slot.

 Like other machines in the CNC field, the computers controlled device has a unique level of precision and accuracy to cut, drill and shape any sort of metal in accordance with your demands. Vertical CNC machining also includes multi-dimensional work planes to move the piece that is being treated as well as the mills and cutting heads that perform the task.

 vertical cnc milling machine

vertical cnc milling machine*

The Features of Vertical CNC Machining

We can begin our review by explaining how the spindle axis in a vertical mill works. This part is the first one to be oriented in an upright position. The spindles are commonly used to hold the blade cutters and rotate them on the axis of each spindle. It’s very easy drilling and cutting metals with these equipment since the spindles are extended in accordance with the requirements of the tasks.

You will find two types of vertical mills:  turret mills or bed mills. The turret mill works with a spindle axis that stays still when is cutting, what moves is the table in parallel and perpendicular fashion after the axis of the spindle. A modern vertical CNC machine can handle very precise cuts to turn them into CNC parts.

A vertical mill also has quills where the blade cutters are placed, and it can be lowered and raised at the convenience of the project. The placement of this piece of machinery allows a rather extensive number of cut angles that can suit any project. The number of working axes makes any task quicker and efficient when compared with traditional machines,

The Features of the Bed Mill

A vertical CNC machine has a bed mill. This is nothing more than a large table that is part of the equipment. It moves following the vertical axis of the spindle to make cuts. Industrial machines use the bed since it is easier to operate them instead of dealing with a turret machine. The turret machines by itself are usually versatile, but if you are dealing with a large machine, you probably will require a lot of effort to use it efficiently.

The Features of the Drill Presses

A drill press is just another type of vertical CNC machine. The drill press is commonly used in quite a few CNC milling machine models. The drilling process is done efficiently with this equipment since the tooling bit stays in a still position during the drilling procedure. The vertical movements of the apparatus are necessary to achieve the best possible drilling. Some of these presses are operated by a human technician but is commonly fair to find machines capable of handling the process automatically.

On complex tasks both the piece that is being worked on as well as computers systems control the tooling. All these computers work following the layout created on a CAD file that includes the software necessary to handle the tools during the procedures. The CAD file should be uploaded on the CNC computer, so there is very little room for error in the creation of part. A well-programmed CNC task will get you the most accurate drilling, and cutting tasks are done in a moment.

The Functionality of CNC Machining

The framework of these machines is always the best as long as the right specialists handle them. We made a big emphasis on the use of proper CAD programs because they are needed to bring any project to life. The CAD file contains the basic outline as well as all the details related to any milling project.

The software of the milling machine works better with all the details regarding the profile as well as the dimensions of the piece that will be used for tooling. The data included should also offer all the details regarding the machining sequences required as well as the different types of tools that will be used and the speed needed on the mills to make precise cuts.

Since the full extension of the milling process is controlled using computers, the tasks require minimal human intervention. The best advantage of CNC milling machines is their superior efficiency, as well as the enhanced accuracy used to handle all the procedure related to drilling and machining any metal piece.

Vertical CNC machining can be used to get done quite a few tasks in ways that can’t compare to standard tooling. Work such as face and contour grinding, boring and reaming, template drilling, slot, and keyway cutting is done in a very unique fashion that ups the ante of quality when it comes to performance.

Reference

*Image from on http://www.hurco.com